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NIELSEN, M.B. (2020); EMBERLAND, J.S.: KNARDAHL, S. Office design as a risk factor for disability retirement: A prospective registry study of Norwegian employees

NIELSEN, M.B. (2020); EMBERLAND, J.S.: KNARDAHL, S. Office design as a risk factor for disability retirement: A prospective registry study of Norwegian employees

NIELSEN, M.B.; EMBERLAND, J.S.: KNARDAHL, S. Office design as a risk factor for disability retirement: A prospective registry study of Norwegian employees. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health [online]. 2020. 11 p. [Consulta: 23.06.2020] ISSN: 1795-990X. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3907
 
Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue (i) examinar las diferencias en el riesgo de jubilación por discapacidad entre los empleados que trabajan en oficinas celulares, compartidas y de plan abierto y (ii) determinar la contribución de género, nivel de habilidad, capacidad de trabajo, ausencia de enfermedad médicamente certificada, posición de liderazgo y rasgos de personalidad (extroversión, amabilidad, conciencia, neuroticismo y apertura) como factores de confusión. Conclusión: Este estudio muestra que los diseños de espacios de trabajo abiertos y compartidos tienen efectos perjudiciales al aumentar el riesgo de jubilación por discapacidad entre los trabajadores de oficina, incluso cuando se tienen en cuenta otros factores predictivos conocidos.
 
Objectius: L'objectiu d'aquest estudi va ser (i) examinar les diferències en el risc de jubilació per discapacitat entre els empleats que treballen en oficines cel·lulars, compartides i de pla obert i (ii) determinar la contribució de gènere, nivell d'habilitat, capacitat de treball, absència de malaltia mèdicament certificada, posició de lideratge i trets de personalitat (extraversió, amabilitat, consciència, neuroticisme i obertura) com a factors de confusió. Conclusió: Aquest estudi mostra que els dissenys d'espais de treball oberts i compartits tenen efectes perjudicials en augmentar el risc de jubilació per discapacitat entre els treballadors d'oficina, fins i tot quan es tenen en compte altres factors predictius coneguts.
 
Objectives This aim of this study was to (i) examine differences in risk of subsequent disability retirement between employees working in cellular, shared, and open-plan offices and (ii) determine the contribution of gender, skill-level, work ability, medically certified sickness absence, leadership position, and personality traits (extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness) as confounders. Methods Survey data on predictor variables combined with official objective registry data on disability retirement and sickness absence were extracted from a large Norwegian occupational cohort of office workers (N=6779, 53.5% women). Questionnaire data included the respondents' office designs, comparing cellular, shared, and open-plan offices, demographic characteristics, workability, and personality factors. Objective data on disability retirement and medically certified sickness absence were extracted from the sickness and disability benefit register of the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration. Results In the final fully adjusted model, employees working in shared [hazard rato (HR) 1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–2.16] and open-plan (HR 1.95, 95% CI 1.31–2.90) offices had significantly higher risk of subsequent disability retirement compared to employees in cellular offices. Gender, work ability, medically certified sickness absence, and conscientiousness had independent direct effects on risk of disability retirement. Conclusion This study shows that open and shared workspace designs have detrimental effects by increasing risk of disability retirement among office workers, even when taking other known predictive factors into account.
 
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