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HABIB, R. R., HOJEIJ, S.; ELZEIN, K. (2014). Gender in occupational health research of farmworkers: A systematic review

HABIB, R. R., HOJEIJ, S.; ELZEIN, K. (2014). Gender in occupational health research of farmworkers: A systematic review

HABIB, R. R., HOJEIJ, S.; ELZEIN, K. Gender in occupational health research of farmworkers: A systematic review. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. [online] 2014, 57, 12. 1344–1367. [Consulta 19.11.2014]. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22375.

El género en la investigación de la salud laboral de los trabajadores del campo: una revisión sistemática. Antecedentes. El trabajo agrícola es una de las ocupaciones más peligrosas para los hombres y las mujeres. Este artículo revisa la literatura de salud laboral en los trabajadores agrícolas, la evaluación de cómo se trata y se interpretan los estudios de exposición en los resultados de género.

El gènere en la investigació de la salut laboral dels treballadors del camp: una revisió sistemàtica. Antecedents. El treball agrícola és una de les ocupacions més perilloses per als hòmens i les dones.  Este article revisa la literatura de salut laboral en els treballadors agrícoles, l'avaluació de com es tracta i s'interpreten els estudis d'exposició en els resultats de gènere.
 
Background. Farmwork is one of the most hazardous occupations for men and women. Research suggests sex/gender shapes hazardous workplace exposures and outcomes for farmworkers. This paper reviews the occupational health literature on farmworkers, assessing how gender is treated and interpreted in exposure-outcome studies. Methods. The paper evaluates peer-reviewed articles on men and women farmworkers' health published between 2000 and 2012 in PubMed or SCOPUS. Articles were identified and analyzed for approaches toward sampling, data analysis, and use of exposure indicators in relation to sex/gender. Results. 18% of articles reported on and interpreted sex/gender differences in health outcomes and exposures. Sex/gender dynamics often shaped health outcomes, yet adequate data was not collected on established sex/gender risk factors relating to study outcomes. Conclusion. Research can better incorporate sex/gender analysis into design, analytical and interpretive approaches to better explore its mediation of health outcomes in light of emerging calls to mainstream gender research. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:1344–1367, 2014. © 2014 The Authors. American Journal of Industrial Medicine Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
 
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